Resources and Bibliography


This list is by no means exhaustive. Please feel free to add suggestions in the comments space if you find anything useful in your own reading.



UCL’s Classical Play for 2013 is going to be Trojan Women. While it comes too late for this module, it’s certainly worth checking out their in-production blog, including the archives for Hippolytus, performed last February, to see how ancient drama is adapted for a modern audience in practice.

The blog for the AHRC-funded research project ‘Screen Plays: Theatre Plays on British Television’ is a great resource with some interesting short essays on several productions of ancient Greek drama that found their way onto the television.

The University of Nottingham have just set up a blog for Ancient Drama.


Online archive, corpora and journals

Although it hasn’t been updated for a couple of years, the OU’s Reception of Classical Texts Online Database is a great resource for helping you choose your key productions for archival research. For certain productions, quite detailed information on cast lists, set design and reviews are included.

As I’m sure you all know by now, Perseus will provide you with all the surviving plays in English, although the translations are often very old. Perseus is also a good place to access pictures of pots with images of masks and costumes, like the Pronomos Vase.

Publications from the Open University’s research project ‘Classical Receptions in Drama and Poetry in English from c.1970 to the Present’ are available online and are extremely useful.



Cartledge, P. 1990. Aristophanes and his theatre of the Absurd. Bristol.

Dobrov, G.W. (ed.) 1995. Beyond Aristophanes: Transition and Diversity in Greek Comedy. Atlanta.

Easterling, P.E. (ed.) 1997. The Cambridge Companion to Greek Tragedy. Cambridge.

Goldhill, S. 1986. Reading Greek Tragedy. Cambridge.

Gregory, J. (ed.) 2005. A Companion to Greek Tragedy. Oxford.

MacDowell, D.M. 1995. Aristophanes and Athens: an Introduction to the Plays. Oxford.

McDonald, D. & Walton, M. (eds) 2007. The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Theatre. Cambridge & NY.

Revermann, M. 2005. Comic Business: Theatricality, Dramatic Technique, and Performance Context of Aristophanic Comedy. Oxford.

Robson, J. 2009. Aristophanes: an Introduction. London.

Scodel, R. 2010. An Introduction to Greek Tragedy. NY & Cambridge.

Segal, E. (ed.) 1996. Oxford Readings in Aristophanes. Oxford.

Segal, E. 2001. The Death of Comedy. Cambridge, MA.

Silk, M.S. 1998. Tragedy and the Tragic: Greek Theatre and Beyond. Oxford.

Silk, M.S. 2000. Aristophanes and the Definition of Comedy. Oxford.

Sommerstein, A.H. 2009. Talking about Laughter and Other Studies in Greek Comedy. Oxford.


Ancient Greek Tragedy in Context

Carter, D.M. 2007. The Politics of Greek Tragedy. Exeter.

Easterling, E. & Hall E. (ed.) 2002. Greek and Roman Actors: Aspects of an Ancient Profession. Cambridge.

Garland, R. 2002. Surviving Greek Tragedy. London.

Goldhill, S. & Osborne, R. (eds) 1999. Performance Culture and Athenian Democracy. Cambridge.

Gould, J. 2001. Myth, Ritual, Memory, and Exchange: Essays in Greek Literature and Culture. Oxford.

Hall, E. 1989. Inventing the Barbarian: Greek Self-Definition Through Tragedy. Oxford.

Hall, E. 2006. The Theatrical Cast of Athens: Interactions between Ancient Greek Drama and Society. Oxford.

Hall, E. 2010. Greek Tragedy: Suffering Under the Sun. Oxford.

Padel, R. 1992. In and Out of the Mind: Greek Images of the Tragic Self. Princeton.

Sourvinou-Inwood, C. 2003. Tragedy and Athenian Religion. Lanham & Oxford.

Taplin, O. 2003. Greek Tragedy in Action [2nd Edition]. London.

Vernant, J-P. & Vidal-Naquet, P. 1990. Myth and Tragedy in Ancient Greece. NY.

Walton, M. 1996. The Greek Sense of Theatre: Tragedy Reviewed [2nd Edition]. Amsterdam.

Winkler, J.J. & Zeitlin, F.I. (eds) 1990. Nothing to do with Dionysos?: Athenian Drama in its Social Context. Princeton.


Old Comedy in Context

Bowie, A.M. 1993. Aristophanes: Myth, Ritual, and Comedy. Cambridge.

Harvey, D. & Wilkins, J. (eds) 2000. The Rivals of Aristophanes: Studies in Athenian Old Comedy. London & Swansea.

Lada-Richards, I. 1998. Initiating Dionysus: Ritual and Theatre in Aristophanes’ Frogs. Oxford.

Sidwell, K.C. 2009. Aristophanes the Democrat: the Politics of Satirical Comedy during the Peloponnesian War. Cambridge.

Slater, N.W. 2002. Spectator Politics: Metatheatre and Performance in Aristophanes. Philadelphia.



*All of the Cambridge Companions have sections on reception*

Bermel, A. 1990. Farce: a History from Aristophanes to Woody Allen. Carbondale.

Hall, E. & Macintosh, F. 2005. Greek Tragedy and the British Theatre, 1660-1914. Oxford.

Hall, E. & Wrigley, A. (eds) 2007. Aristophanes in Performance, 421BC-AD2007: Peace, Birds and Frogs. London.

Hall, E., Macintosh, F. & Taplin, O. (eds) 2000. Medea in Performance, 1500-2000. Oxford.

Hall, E., Macintosh, F. & Wrigley, A. (eds) 2004. Dionysus since 69: Greek Tragedy at the Dawn of the Third Millennium. Oxford.

Hardwick, L. 2003. Reception Studies. Oxford.

Hartigan, K.V. 1995. Greek Tragedy on the American Stage: Ancient Drama in the Commerical Theater, 1882-1994. Westport & London.

Martindale, C. & Thomas, R.F. (eds) 2006. Classics and the Uses of Reception. Malden & Oxford.

O’Donoghue, B. (ed.) 2008. The Cambridge Companion to Seamus Heaney. NY.

Rehm, R. 2002. Radical Theatre: Greek Tragedy and the Modern World. London.

Revermann, M. & Wilson, P. (eds) 2008. Performance, Iconography, Reception: Studies in Honour of Oliver Taplin. Oxford.

Schechter, J. 1994. Satiric Impersonations: from Aristophanes to the Guerrilla Girls. Carbondale.

Taxidou, O. 2004. Tragedy, Modernity and Mourning. Edinburgh.

Van Steen, G.A.H. 2000. Venom in Verse: Aristophanes in Modern Greece. Princeton.

Walton, M. & McDonald, M. (eds) 2002. Amid Our Troubles: Irish Versions of Greek Tragedy. London.

Wetmore, K.J. 2002. The Athenian Sun in an African Sky: Modern African Adaptations of Classical Greek Tragedy. Jefferson & London.

Wetmore, K.J. 2003. Black Dionysus: Greek Tragedy and African American Theatre. Jefferson & London.



Edgar, D. 2009. How Plays Work. London.

Fletcher, J. 2012. Performing Oaths in Classical Greek Drama. Cambridge & NY.

Goldhill, S. 2007. How to Stage Greek Tragedy Today. Chicago & London.

Hubbard, T.K. 1991. The Mask of Comedy: Aristophanes and the Intertextual Parabasis. Ithaca & London.

Rehm, R. 1992. Greek Tragic Theatre. London.

Rehm, R. 2002. The Play of Space: Spatial Transformations in Greek Tragedy. Princeton & Oxford.

Russo, C.F. 1994. Aristophanes: an Author for the Stage. London.

Taplin, O. 1977. The Stagecraft of Aeschylus: the Dramatic Use of Exits and Entrances in Greek Tragedy. Oxford.

Wiles, D. 1997. Tragedy in Athens: Performance Space and Theatrical Meaning. Cambridge.



*Most of the Cambridge Companions have sections on translation*

Haynes, K. & Carne-Ross, D.S. (eds) 2010. Classics and Translation: Essays. Lewisburg.

Johnston, D. (ed.) 1994. Stages of Translation: Translators on Translating for the Stage. Bath.

Lianeri, A. & Zajko, V. (eds) 2008. Translation and the Classic: Identity as Change in the History of Culture. Oxford.

Parker, J. & Mathews, T. (eds) 2011. Tradition, Translation, Trauma: the Classic and the Modern. Oxford.


The Playwrights and their Plays

Belfiore, E.S. 2000. Murder Among Friends: Violations of Philia in Greek Tragedy. NY & Oxford.

Croally, N.T. 1994. Euripidean Polemic: the Trojan women and the Function of Tragedy. Cambridge.

Dunn, F.M. 1996. Tragedy’s End: Closure and Innovation in Euripidean Drama. NY & Oxford.

Garrison, E.P. 1995. Groaning Tears: Ethical and Dramatic Aspects of Suicide in Greek Tragedy. Leiden.

Goldhill, S. & Hall, E. (eds). 2009. Sophocles and the Greek Tragic Tradition. Cambridge.

Goward, B. 1999. Telling Tragedy: Narrative Technique in Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. London.

Marianetti, M.C. 1992. Religion and Politics in Aristophanes’ Clouds. Hildesheim.

Mastronarde, D.J. 2010. The Art of Euripides: Dramatic Technique and Social Context. Cambridge.

Luschnig, C.A.E. 1995. The Gorgon’s Severed head: Studies in Alcestis, Electra, and Phoenissae. NY.

O’Regan, D.E. 1992. Rhetoric, Comedy and the Violence of Language in Aristophanes’ Clouds. NY & Oxford.

Ormand, K. 1999. Exchange and the Maiden: Marriage in Sophoclean Tragedy. Austin.

Padel, R. 1995. Whom Gods Destroy: Elements of Greek and Tragic Madness. Princeton.

Ringer, M. 1998. Electra and the Empty Urn: Metatheater and Role Playing in Sophocles. London.

Roisman, H. 1999. Nothing is as it seems: the Tragedy of the Implicit in Euripides’ Hippolytus. Lanham & Oxford.

Rothwell, K.S. 1990. Politics and Persuasion in Aristophanes’ Ecclesiazusae. Leiden.

Segal, C. 2001. Oedipus Tyrannus: Tragic Heroism and the Limits of Knowledge (2nd Edition). Oxford & NY.



Bassi, K. 1998. Acting Like Men: Gender, Drama and Nostalgia in Ancient Greece. Michigan.

Cawthorn, K. 2008. Becoming Female: the Male Body in Greek Tragedy. London.

Duncan, A.E. 2005. ‘Gendered interpretations’, Helios 32, 55-79.

Foley, H.P. 1982. ‘The female intruder reconsidered’, CPh 77, 1-21.

Foley, H.P. 2001. Female Acts in Greek Tragedy. Princeton & Oxford.

Foxhall, L. & Salmon, J. (eds) 1998. Thinking Men. London & NY

Gamel, M.K. 1998. ‘Reading as a man’, Helios 25, 79-85.

Mendelsohn, D.A. 2002. Gender and the City in Euripides’ Political Plays. Oxford.

Sorkin Rabinowitz, N. 1993. Anxiety Veiled: Euripides and the Traffic in Women. Ithaca & London.

Stehle, E.M. 1997. Performance and gender in ancient Greece. Princeton.

Stroup, S.C. 2004. ‘Designing women’, Arethusa 37, 37-73.

Summons, B. 2005. ‘Gender reversal in Greek tragedy’, Pegasus 48, 10-14.

Syropoulos, S.D. 2003. Gender and the Social Function of Athenian Tragedy. Oxford.

Taaffe, L.K. 1993. Aristophanes and Women. London.

Wohl, V. 1998. Intimate Commerce: Exchange, Gender, and Subjectivity in Greek Tragedy. Austin.

Zeitlin, F.I. 1996. Playing the Other: Gender and Society in Classical Greek Literature. Chicago.

Zelenak, M.X. 1998. Gender and Politics in Greek Tragedy. NY.


Videorecordings in the Library

Aristophanes’ Birds [videorecording] / Aquila Theatre Company of London ; a new translation for the stage by Peter Meineck ; directed by Robert Richmond ; produced by Peter Meineck.

Aristophanes’ Frogs [videorecording] / adapted and directed by Fiona Laird ; producer, original stage production, Peter Meineck.



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